Hell, Heaven, or Hoboken by Christmas: The Service and Sacrifice of the American Soldier in World War I

About this Chapter

Hell, Heaven, or Hoboken by Christmas provides background on the mobilization and training of the AEF at home and abroad, as well as examining how that training influenced the psychological journey of American soldiers on the Western Front. Through the historical records of ABMC and soldiers’ letters and personal memoirs, evidence of the shared sacrifice of the AEF demonstrated wide-sweeping emotions that accompanied the anticipation of battle, the exhaustion of modern warfare, and the pursuit of ultimate victory during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.

The activities within this chapter will help students answer the following questions:

  • How did the United States accomplish the mobilization of 4,000,000 soldiers?
  • What training could an AEF soldier expect to receive at home and abroad in preparation for war?
  • How did the received training influence the mindset and psyche of the American soldier in battle?

This chapter is part of the iBook Bringing the Great War Home: Teaching With The Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery, which was produced by ABMC in partnership with Learn NC and Virginia Tech. You can access individual elements of the iBook here on ABMC.gov, or you can download the full iBook through iTunes.

In this Chapter:

  • Section 1: The Crisis of 1917
  • Section 2: Training at Home and Abroad
  • Section 3: Hell, Heaven, or Hoboken by Christmas
  • Section 4: Conclusion
  • Section 5: Bibliography
  • Section 6: Credits and Disclaimers
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Materials

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