Mexico City National Cemetery

Established in 1851 by Congress, American dead of the Mexican War are interred in this cemetery.

Video Transcript

NARRATOR: The Mexico City National Cemetery sits in the heart of the Mexican capital. Resting in this quiet, tropical garden are the remains of nearly 1,600 Americans. Colorful tropical plants line the cemetery’s walkways. On this site, Second Lieutenant Ulysses S. Grant first commanded combat troops during the Mexican-American War. The cemetery was established in 1851 by an Act of Congress to gather the American dead who lay in nearby fields after the war ended. 750 American soldiers were recovered from shallow battlefield graves. With no means of identification, the soldiers were re-interred as Unknowns in a group burial plot marked by this monument. The original cemetery was changed in the 1970s to accommodate a highway. As a result, remains were placed in crypts and marked with the original headstones. These walls contain the graves of more than 800 veterans, members of their families, and members of the U.S. Diplomatic Service. They include veterans of the Mexican-American War, the American Civil War, and the Spanish-American War. The cemetery is a reminder of an important period in American history.